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Translation:Line Art in Photoshop

1119 views. 2011-4-20 21:48 |Individual Classification:Photoshop|

First up I'd like to ease your mind and let you know that you don’t need to know how to draw to complete this tutorial.

首先,我希望让你知道并且请你放心,你没有必要知道如何绘制完成本教程。

It's basically tracing, except that tracing is a lot easier in Adobe Photoshop.

它是基本的绘图技术,尤其是在Adobe Photoshop中更是简单。

Creating line art with this technique will take several hours to do a good job…if you want a tutorial that just applies a couple of filters, then this tutorial is not for you!

创建使用这项技术的线体画需要花费数小时才能达到不错的效果。。。如果你想要一个仅仅使用一些滤镜(就能达到此效果)的教程,那么本教程并不适合你!

You will need to know how to use the PEN TOOL for this tutorial. (If you don't know how to use the pen tool complete the fast tutorial found HERE first).

在这个教程中你需要知道如何使用“钢笔工具”。(如果你不知道怎样使用钢笔工具,可以首先看看这里完善的快速教程)。

I suggest you read through the entire tutorial first, before you begin.

首先,在你开始(操作)之前,我建议你先通篇阅读一下这篇教程。

 

1. Preparing the Layers准备图层

Open your photo in Photoshop. Rename the layer “original”.

Photoshop中打开你的照片,重命名该图层为“原始图层”。

If your picture is quite dark you will need to lighten it a little. The reason for this is that we will be tracing over the photo in black so we need to be able to see the lines we are creating clearly.

如果你的照片效果很暗,你应该稍微调亮一点。这样做的原因是,我们将要在黑色背景下绘制图片,因此,我们需要清晰的看到我们正在绘制的线条。

 

<图片a>

Adjust the Brighness of the photo  调整照片的亮度

Image >> Adjustments >> Brightness/Contrast    图像->调整->亮度/对比度。。。

<图片b>

Duplicate the “original” layer. Rename this new layer “top”.

复制“原始图层”,重命名为“顶部图层”。

Create two more new layers. Place them under the “top” layer.

再创建两个新图层,把他们置于“顶部图层”下面。

Fill the layer closest to the “original” layer white and rename it “background”.

用白色填充靠近“原始图层”的新建图层,并且重名为"背景图层"

Leave the other layer transparent and rename it “line art”

使另一个新图层成为透明图层,并且重命名为“艺术线条图层”

Turn the visibility OFF for the “background” and “top” layers.

关闭“背景图层”和“顶部图层”的可视性。

Turn Visibility ON for the “line art” and “original” layers and the “line art” layer is active. See image below.

打开“艺术线条图层”和“原始图层”的可视性。并且“艺术线条图层”处于激活状态。如下图所示。

<图片c>

(All this organisation will be explained soon).

之所以这样组织图层,将很快在下面得到解释)。

We are now set to create the line art.  

我们将要开始设置艺术线条了。

 

2. Brush Tool Settings  画笔工具设置

When creating line art you want to vary to thickness of the line (line weight). Varying the line weight emphasizes the perspective of the drawing.

在创建艺术线条时,你需要更改画笔线条的大小(粗细)。改变线条的大小(粗细)可以展现不同的绘画景色。

As lines become closer the viewers the lines get thicker. Lines taper towards the furtherest part of the object.

当线条与观看者的距离越近时,线条变得厚重。锥度线朝着物体最远的部分。

The image below shows an exaggerated example of this. Also areas that fall into shade can have a heavier line,

下面的图像夸张的展现了这一情况。当然,阴暗的区域也可以用粗的线条,

while areas in light can be represented with a thinner line. A good way to get better idea of this is by studying the line art of comic books.

亮的区域可以用一些细线条展现。一种好的能得到好创意的方法是学习漫画的艺术线条。

Another technique is to use just two line weights. A heavier line is used for the outer edges of the object and all internal lines are a smaller size. I'm not a fan of this style but each to their own, as long as your picture doesn’t look flat.

另外一种技术只使用两条线的压重。一条较粗重的线条作为物体的外部边缘,并且所有里面的线条都是较小的尺寸。我不是这种技术的粉丝,但是对于他们其中的任一种,只要你的图片看着不单调就可以了。

 

<图片d>

To taper the lines in Photoshop we need to adjust our Paint Brush Settings.

Photoshop中改细线条,我们需要调整我们的绘画笔刷设置。

Click on your Paint Brush tool. We need to adjust the brush presets.

点击你的绘画笔刷工具。我们需要调整笔刷预设。

In older versions of Photoshop (CS2 and earlier) click on the brush palette tab at right top of your photoshop screen. See image below.

在老版本的Photoshopcs2和更早的版本)中,点击Photoshop屏幕顶端右侧的笔刷面板。如下图。

 

<图片e>

In CS3 onwards your brush palette is available by clicking on the pallete icon on the top or see image below..

CS3中可以通过点击上侧的调板按钮来显示画笔调板的可见性,或者如下图。

 

<图片f>

The settings you use are going to vary with each line you create, especially the diameter. Below shows one Brush Tip Shape I used.

笔刷的设置要随着你使用线条的不同分别进行设置,尤其是直径。下面显示的是我使用的一种画笔笔尖的形状。

 

<图片g>

Next click on the Shape Dynamics.

然后点击“形状动态”。

       • 1. Set the Control to Fade. (This will allow our line to taper).

       1.设置“控制”为“渐隐”。(这将使我们的线条(尾段)变细)。

       • 2. Adjust the fade setting. (I’m using 250 here but try experimenting with various combinations of 2 & 3).

       2.调整渐隐设置。(这里我用的是250但是你可以试验步骤23的不同组合)

       • 3. Adjust the Minimum Diameter. (I'm using 27% here but the key to great line art is variety so experiment).

       3.调整最小直径。(我这里使用的是27%,但是最合适的艺术线条是不断的改变,所以尝试不同的设置吧)

 

<图片h>

Make sure your foreground colour is black. See image above.

确认你的前景色为黑色。详见上面图片。

3. Creating the Paths   创建通道

The best place to start is the center of focus, which is normally the face. Since I'm using an image of Scarlett Johansson I

'll start on her lips.

最好的起始操作地点是焦点的中心位置,通常情况为面部。我使用了一张Scarlett Johansson的图像,我将从她的嘴唇开始。

Remember the point where you start the path is going to be the thickest.

记住这一点,你开始时的路径线条将是最粗的。

Make sure the pen tool is set to Create New Work Path. See below.

确认钢笔工具被设置成“创建新工作路径”。见下图。

 

<图片i>

Create a path paying attention to the angle of the curves.

创建路径时注意曲线的角度。

Note: Keep the distance of each line rather short. Don't try to create one line to go right around the lips.

注:尽量保持每条线的距离短些。不要试图创建一条从右绕着嘴唇的线条完成绘制。

 

<图片j>

Once you are happy with the path, right click and select Stroke Path… See below.

当你完成路径之后,右击并且选择“描边路径”。。。见下图。

 

<图片k>

Turn ON the visibility of the white “background” layer. Delete the path (right click and select Delete Path).

打开白色“背景图层”的可见性。删除路径(右击并且选择“删除路径”)。

Now you can clearly see the line you have created.

现在你可以清晰的看到你创建的线条。

If you are happy turn OFF the white “background” layer and create the next line.

接着你可以继续关闭白色“背景图层”的可见性并且创建另外的线条。

If not use your History Palette. See image below. By clicking here you can adjust the curve or paint brush settings.

如果没有使用历史记录调板,见下图,(打开使用它)。可以点击这里调整曲线或者绘画笔刷过程操作。

 

<图片l>

If the line is only slightly off you can use the Eraser Tool. Rather than using the eraser tool in a up/down motion, move it on a diagonal to the line art. That way the line will have a tapered effect at the end. See image below.

如果线条仅仅有些微小的偏移,你可以使用“橡皮擦工具”。与其使用橡皮擦上/下移动,倒不如对着艺术线条的对角线移动。这样的话在线条的尾端会产生一个变小/细的效果。见下图。

 

<图片m>

To create a line that is tapered at both ends like the one shown below. In the brush Shape Dynamics Window change the Control from Fade to Pen Pressure, and the Minimum Diameter to 1%. See second image below.

在两线的末端创建一条细线,如下图所示。在笔刷形状动态窗口改变“渐隐”到“钢笔压力”,并且最小直径设置成1%。见下图。

 

<图片n>

<图片o>

When you select Stroke Path this time check the Simulate Pressure box. See image below.

当你这次选择“描边路径”勾选“模拟压力”框。见下图。

 

<图片p>

Once you have finished creating an item, like the lips, it's important to check them against the original. Turn the visibility ON for the white “background” layer. Turn ON and OFF the visibility of the “top” layer. If it looks like the lips are “jumping” then you will need to adjust the line art.

一旦你完成一个项目,如嘴唇,最重要的是和原始图层进行核对。打开白色“背景图层”的可见性。打开或者关闭“顶部图层”的可见性。如果嘴唇看起来像是在“跳跃”,那么你应该调整艺术线条。

To create very thick line areas, such as the eyebrows shown below, we create a closed path and choose Fill Path instead of Stroke Path. (A closed path means that there should be no ends to the path, like a circle.)

创建非常厚重的线条区域,比如下面显示的眉毛,我们创建一个封闭的路径并且选择“填充路径”代替“描边路径”。(一个封闭的路径意味着路径没有末端,如一个圆圈。)

 

<图片q>

The image below shows the upper eyelash path I created. I also used Fill Path here.

下面图片显示的是我创建的睫毛的路径,这里我还是使用填充路径。

 

<图片r>

To create shapes that are round, square, oval, etc remember to use the Shape Tools. (Found next to the pen tool). The image below shows how I created the iris outline using the Ellipse Tool to save time.

要创建的形状有圆形、方形、椭圆形等等,记得使用“形状工具”。(在钢笔工具的旁边)。下面图像显示了我为节省时间使用椭圆工具创建虹膜轮廓的过程。

 

<图片s>

I guarantee that you will get faster and faster at this technique of creating line art in Photoshop, so stick with it.

我保证你会越来越快的使用这种技术在Photoshop中创建艺术线条,所以坚持下去。

 

<图片t>

 

TIP:<图片u>

 

Link:http://www.melissaevans.com/tutorials/turn-photos-of-people-into-line-art

 

ps: it is the first time to translate english articles about photoshop effcet. If there is something wrong in my articles,please help me correct it out,thanks !

images(a-u) in my album.

Post comment Comment (2 replies)

Reply Tange 2011-4-20 22:01
you did a good job
Reply William_Wong 2011-4-20 22:10
Tange: you did a good job
thanks,study photoshop recently!

facelist doodle 涂鸦板

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