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以斯帖记 Esther (1-10)

简介

本书介绍了普珥节的由来及犹太人守节期的责任。事件发生于亚哈随鲁王(基督教会认为他是大流士王之继承人,但大流士王之继承人是泽克西斯一世(Xerxes,公元前486~前465在位),而两者之间并无证据证实是同一人。)时代,波斯大臣哈曼因与犹太人末底改结怨,遂起消灭犹太民族之心。在这危急关头,皇后以斯帖施行拯救;最后,哈曼自食其果,大批人士反被犹太人残酷屠杀,末底改则被擢升为宰相。于是末底改与以斯帖把他们脱离仇敌之日立为“普珥节”(Feast of Purim),并通令各地犹太人遵守。直到现在,当犹太人庆祝普珥节时,都会在当日黄昏及次日早上朗读全卷书一次。

The Book of Esther is one of the books of the Ketuvim ("Writings") of the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible) and of the Historical Books of the Old Testament. The Book of Esther or the Megillah is the basis for the Jewish celebration of Purim. Its full text is read aloud twice during the celebration, in the evening and again the following morning.

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Esther_01   Esther_02   Esther_03   Esther_04   Esther_05

Esther_06   Esther_07   Esther_08   Esther_09   Esther_10

第一章

 1 亚哈随鲁作王,从印度直到古实,统管一百二十七省。 
 2 亚哈随鲁王在书珊城的宫登基。 
 3 在位第三年,为他一切首领臣仆设摆筵席,有波斯和玛代的权贵,就是各省的贵胄与首领,在他面前。 
 4 他把他荣耀之国的丰富,和他美好威严的尊贵,给他们看了许多日,就是一百八十日。 
 5 这日子满了,又为所有住书珊城的大小人民,在御园的院子里设摆筵席七日。 
 6 有白色,绿色,蓝色的帐子,用细麻绳,紫色绳从银环内系在白玉石柱上。有金银的床榻摆在红,白,黄,黑玉石铺的石地上。 
 7 用金器皿赐酒,器皿各有不同。御酒甚多,足显王的厚意。 
 8 喝酒有例,不准勉强人,因王吩咐宫里的一切臣宰,让人各随己意。 
 9 王后瓦实提在亚哈随鲁王的宫内,也为妇女设摆筵席。 
 10 第七日,亚哈随鲁王饮酒,心中快乐,就吩咐在他面前侍立的七个太监,米户幔,比斯他,哈波拿,比革他,亚拔他,西达,甲迦, 
 11 请王后瓦实提头戴王后的冠冕到王面前,使各等臣民看她的美貌,因为她容貌甚美。 
 12 王后瓦实提却不肯遵太监所传的王命而来,所以王甚发怒,心如火烧。 
 13 那时,在王左右常见王面,国中坐高位的,有波斯和玛代的七个大臣,就是甲示拿,示达,押玛他,他施斯,米力,玛西拿,米母干,都是达时务的明哲人。按王的常规,办事必先询问知例明法的人。王问他们说, 
 14  
 15 王后瓦实提不遵太监所传的王命,照例应当怎样办理呢? 
 16 米母干在王和众首领面前回答说,王后瓦实提这事,不但得罪王,并且有害于王各省的臣民。 
 17 因为王后这事必传到众妇人的耳中,说,亚哈随鲁王吩咐王后瓦实提到王面前,她却不来,她们就藐视自己的丈夫。 
 18 今日波斯和玛代的众夫人听见王后这事,必向王的大臣照样行。从此必大开藐视和忿怒之端。 
 19 王若以为美,就降旨写在波斯和玛代人的例中,永不更改,不准瓦实提再到王面前,将她王后的位分赐给比她还好的人。 
 20 所降的旨意传遍通国(国度本来广大),所有的妇人,无论丈夫贵贱都必尊敬他。 
 21 王和众首领都以米母干的话为美,王就照这话去行, 
 22 发诏书,用各省的文字,各族的方言通知各省,使为丈夫的在家中作主,各说本地的方言。

Chapter 1

1 Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)

2 That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,

3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him:

4 When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, even an hundred and fourscore days.

5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace;

6 Where were white, green, and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble: the beds were of gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.

7 And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, (the vessels being diverse one from another,) and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.

8 And the drinking was according to the law; none did compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man's pleasure.

9 Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.

10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on.

12 But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.

13 Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment:

14 And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?

16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.

17 For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not.

18 Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus shall there arise too much contempt and wrath.

19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.

20 And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.

21 And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan:

22 For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the language of every people.

第二章
(图)以斯帖记 Esther (1-10)

 1 这事以后,亚哈随鲁王的忿怒止息,就想念瓦实提和她所行的,并怎样降旨办她。 
 2 于是王的侍臣对王说,不如为王寻找美貌的处女。 
 3 王可以派官在国中的各省,招聚美貌的处女到书珊城(或作宫)的女院,交给掌管女子的太监希该,给她们当用的香品。 
 4 王所喜爱的女子可以立为王后,代替瓦实提。王以这事为美,就如此行。 
 5 书珊城有一个犹大人,名叫末底改,是便雅悯人基士的曾孙,示每的孙子,睚珥的儿子。 
 6 从前巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒,将犹大王耶哥尼雅(又名约雅斤)和百姓从耶路撒冷掳去,末底改也在其内。 
 7 末底改抚养他叔叔的女儿哈大沙(后名以斯帖),因为她没有父母。这女子又容貌俊美,她父母死了,末底改就收她为自己的女儿。 
 8 王的谕旨传出,就招聚许多女子到书珊城,交给掌管女子的希该。以斯帖也送入王宫,交付希该。 
 9 希该喜悦以斯帖,就恩待她。急忙给她需用的香品和她所当得的分,又派所当得的七个宫女服事她,使她和她的宫女搬入女院上好的房屋。 
 10 以斯帖未曾将籍贯宗族告诉人,因为末底改嘱咐她不可叫人知道。 
 11 末底改天天在女院前边行走,要知道以斯帖平安不平安,并后事如何。 
 12 众女子照例先洁净身体十二个月。六个月用没药油,六个月用香料和洁身之物。满了日期,然后挨次进去见亚哈随鲁王。 
 13 女子进去见王是这样。从女院到王宫的时候,凡她所要的都必给她。 
 14 晚上进去,次日回到女子第二院,交给掌管妃嫔的太监沙甲。除非王喜爱她,再提名召她,就不再进去见王。 
 15 末底改叔叔亚比孩的女儿,就是末底改收为自己女儿的以斯帖,按次序当进去见王的时候,除了掌管女子的太监希该所派定给她的,她别无所求。凡看见以斯帖的都喜悦她。 
 16 亚哈随鲁王第七年十月,就是提别月,以斯帖被引入宫见王。 
 17 王爱以斯帖过于爱众女,她在王眼前蒙宠爱比众处女更甚。王就把王后的冠冕戴在她头上,立她为王后,代替瓦实提。 
 18 王因以斯帖的缘故给众首领和臣仆设摆大筵席,又豁免各省的租税,并照王的厚意大颁赏赐。 
 19 第二次招聚处女的时候,末底改坐在朝门。 
 20 以斯帖照着末底改所嘱咐的,还没有将籍贯宗族告诉人。因为以斯帖遵末底改的命,如抚养她的时候一样。 
 21 当那时候,末底改坐在朝门,王的太监中有两个守门的,辟探和提列,恼恨亚哈随鲁王,想要下手害他。 
 22 末底改知道了,就告诉王后以斯帖。以斯帖奉末底改的名,报告于王。 
 23 究察这事,果然是实,就把二人挂在木头上,将这事在王面前写于历史上。

Chapter 2

1 After these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus was appeased, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her.

2 Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him, Let there be fair young virgins sought for the king:

3 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather together all the fair young virgins unto Shushan the palace, to the house of the women, unto the custody of Hege the king's chamberlain, keeper of the women; and let their things for purification be given them:

4 And let the maiden which pleaseth the king be queen instead of Vashti. And the thing pleased the king; and he did so.

5 Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;

6 Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away.

7 And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.

8 So it came to pass, when the king's commandment and his decree was heard, and when many maidens were gathered together unto Shushan the palace, to the custody of Hegai, that Esther was brought also unto the king's house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the women.

9 And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her, and seven maidens, which were meet to be given her, out of the king's house: and he preferred her and her maids unto the best place of the house of the women.

10 Esther had not shewed her people nor her kindred: for Mordecai had charged her that she should not shew it.

11 And Mordecai walked every day before the court of the women's house, to know how Esther did, and what should become of her.

12 Now when every maid's turn was come to go in to king Ahasuerus, after that she had been twelve months, according to the manner of the women, (for so were the days of their purifications accomplished, to wit, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet odours, and with other things for the purifying of the women;)

13 Then thus came every maiden unto the king; whatsoever she desired was given her to go with her out of the house of the women unto the king's house.

14 In the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned into the second house of the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's chamberlain, which kept the concubines: she came in unto the king no more, except the king delighted in her, and that she were called by name.

15 Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her.

16 So Esther was taken unto king Ahasuerus into his house royal in the tenth month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.

17 And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti.

18 Then the king made a great feast unto all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.

19 And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

20 Esther had not yet shewed her kindred nor her people; as Mordecai had charged her: for Esther did the commandment of Mordecai, like as when she was brought up with him.

21 In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hands on the king Ahasuerus.

22 And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it unto Esther the queen; and Esther certified the king thereof in Mordecai's name.

23 And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they were both hanged on a tree: and it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king.

第三章

 1 这事以后,亚哈随鲁王抬举,亚甲族哈米大他的儿子哈曼,使他高升,叫他的爵位超过与他同事的一切臣宰。 
 2 在朝门的一切臣仆都跪拜哈曼,因为王如此吩咐。惟独末底改不跪不拜。 
 3 在朝门的臣仆问末底改说,你为何违背王的命令呢? 
 4 他们天天劝他,他还是不听,他们就告诉哈曼,要看末底改的事站得住站不住,因他已经告诉他们自己是犹大人。 
 5 哈曼见末底改不跪不拜,他就怒气填胸。 
 6 他们已将末底改的本族告诉哈曼。他以为下手害末底改一人是小事,就要灭绝亚哈随鲁王通国所有的犹大人,就是末底改的本族。 
 7 亚哈随鲁王十二年正月,就是尼散月,人在哈曼面前,按日日月月掣普珥,就是掣签,要定何月何日为吉,择定了十二月,就是亚达月。 
 8 哈曼对亚哈随鲁王说,有一种民,散居在王国各省的民中,他们的律例与万民的律例不同,也不守王的律例,所以容留他们与王无益。 
 9 王若以为美,请下旨意灭绝他们。我就捐一万他连得银子交给掌管国帑的人,纳入王的府库。 
 10 于是王从自己手上摘下戒指,给犹大人的仇敌亚甲族哈米大他的儿子哈曼。 
 11 王对哈曼说,这银子仍赐给你,这民也交给你,你可以随意待他们。 
 12 正月十三日,就召了王的书记来,照着哈曼一切所吩咐的,用各省的文字,各族的方言,奉亚哈随鲁王的名写旨意,传与总督和各省的省长,并各族的首领。又用王的戒指盖印。 
 13 交给驿卒传到王的各省,吩咐将犹大人,无论老少妇女孩子,在一日之间,十二月,就是亚达月十三日,全然剪除,杀戮灭绝,并夺他们的财为掠物。 
 14 抄录这旨意,颁行各省,宣告各族,使他们预备等候那日。 
 15 驿卒奉王命急忙起行,旨意也传遍书珊城。王同哈曼坐下饮酒,书珊城的民却都慌乱。

Chapter 3

1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.

2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.

3 Then the king's servants, which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment?

4 Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a Jew.

5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.

6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.

7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.

8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them.

9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.

10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.

11 And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.

12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.

13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey.

14 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day.

15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.

第四章

 1 末底改知道所做的这一切事,就撕裂衣服,穿麻衣,蒙灰尘,在城中行走,痛哭哀号。 
 2 到了朝门前停住脚步,因为穿麻衣的不可进朝门。 
 3 王的谕旨所到的各省各处,犹大人大大悲哀,禁食哭泣哀号,穿麻衣躺在灰中的甚多。 
 4 王后以斯帖的宫女和太监来把这事告诉以斯帖,她甚是忧愁,就送衣服给末底改穿,要他脱下麻衣,他却不受。 
 5 以斯帖就把王所派伺候她的一个太监,名叫哈他革召来,吩咐他去见末底改,要知道这是什么事,是什么缘故。 
 6 于是哈他革出到朝门前的宽阔处见末底改。 
 7 末底改将自己所遇的事,并哈曼为灭绝犹大人,应许捐入王库的银数都告诉了他。 
 8 又将所抄写传遍书珊城,要灭绝犹大人的旨意交给哈他革,要给以斯帖看,又要给她说明,并嘱咐她进去见王,为本族的人在王面前恳切祈求。 
 9 哈他革回来,将末底改的话告诉以斯帖。 
 10 以斯帖就吩咐哈他革去见末底改,说, 
 11 王的一切臣仆和各省的人民,都知道有一个定例,若不蒙召,擅入内院见王的,无论男女必被治死。除非王向他伸出金杖,不得存活。现在我没有蒙召进去见王已经三十日了。 
 12 人就把以斯帖这话告诉末底改。 
 13 末底改托人回覆以斯帖说,你莫想在王宫里强过一切犹大人,得免这祸。 
 14 此时你若闭口不言,犹大人必从别处得解脱,蒙拯救,你和你父家,必至灭亡。焉知你得了王后的位分,不是为现今的机会吗? 
 15 以斯帖就吩咐人回报末底改说, 
 16 你当去招聚书珊城所有的犹大人,为我禁食三昼三夜,不吃不喝。我和我的宫女也要这样禁食。然后我违例进去见王,我若死就死吧。 
 17 于是末底改照以斯帖一切所吩咐的去行。

Chapter 4

1 When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

2 And came even before the king's gate: for none might enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.

3 And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.

4 So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him: but he received it not.

5 Then called Esther for Hatach, one of the king's chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to know what it was, and why it was.

6 So Hatach went forth to Mordecai unto the street of the city, which was before the king's gate.

7 And Mordecai told him of all that had happened unto him, and of the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's treasuries for the Jews, to destroy them.

8 Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and to declare it unto her, and to charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him for her people.

9 And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai.

10 Again Esther spake unto Hatach, and gave him commandment unto Mordecai;

11 All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that whosoever, whether man or women, shall come unto the king into the inner court, who is not called, there is one law of his to put him to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden sceptre, that he may live: but I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days.

12 And they told to Mordecai Esther's words.

13 Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews.

14 For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?

15 Then Esther bade them return Mordecai this answer,

16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.

17 So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded him.

第五章
(图)以斯帖记 Esther (1-10)

 1 第三日,以斯帖穿上朝服,进王宫的内院,对殿站立。王在殿里坐在宝座上,对着殿门。 
 2 王见王后以斯帖站在院内,就施恩于她,向她伸出手中的金杖,以斯帖便向前摸杖头。 
 3 王对她说,王后以斯帖阿,你要什么。你求什么,就是国的一半也必赐给你。 
 4 以斯帖说,王若以为美,就请王带着哈曼,今日赴我所预备的筵席。 
 5 王说,叫哈曼速速照以斯帖的话去行。于是王带着哈曼赴以斯帖所预备的筵席。 
 6 在酒席筵前,王又问以斯帖说,你要什么,我必赐给你。你求什么,就是国的一半也必为你成就。 
 7 以斯帖回答说,我有所要,我有所求。 
 8 我若在王眼前蒙恩,王若愿意赐我所要的,准我所求的,就请王带着哈曼,再赴我所要预备的筵席。明日我必照王所问的说明。 
 9 那日哈曼心中快乐,欢欢喜喜地出来。但见末底改在朝门不站起来,连身也不动,就满心恼怒末底改。 
 10 哈曼暂且忍耐回家,叫人请他朋友和他妻子细利斯来。 
 11 哈曼将他富厚的荣耀,众多的儿女,和王抬举他使他超乎首领臣仆之上,都述说给他们听。 
 12 哈曼又说,王后以斯帖预备筵席,除了我之外不许别人随王赴席。明日王后又请我随王赴席。 
 13 只是我见犹大人末底改坐在朝门,虽有这一切荣耀,也与我无益。 
 14 他的妻细利斯和他一切的朋友对他说,不如立一个五丈高的木架,明早求王将末底改挂在其上,然后你可以欢欢喜喜地随王赴席。哈曼以这话为美,就叫人做了木架。

Chapter 5

1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.

2 And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, that she obtained favour in his sight: and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre that was in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the sceptre.

3 Then said the king unto her, What wilt thou, queen Esther? and what is thy request? it shall be even given thee to the half of the kingdom.

4 And Esther answered, If it seem good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him.

5 Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Esther hath said. So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared.

6 And the king said unto Esther at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? even to the half of the kingdom it shall be performed.

7 Then answered Esther, and said, My petition and my request is;

8 If I have found favour in the sight of the king, and if it please the king to grant my petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the banquet that I shall prepare for them, and I will do to morrow as the king hath said.

9 Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart: but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai.

10 Nevertheless Haman refrained himself: and when he came home, he sent and called for his friends, and Zeresh his wife.

11 And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all the things wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king.

12 Haman said moreover, Yea, Esther the queen did let no man come in with the king unto the banquet that she had prepared but myself; and to morrow am I invited unto her also with the king.

13 Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate.

14 Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.


 

第六章

 1 那夜王睡不着觉,就吩咐人取历史来,念给他听。 
 2 正遇见书上写着说,王的太监中有两个守门的,辟探和提列,想要下手害亚哈随鲁王,末底改将这事告诉王后。 
 3 王说,末底改行了这事,赐他什么尊荣爵位没有。伺候王的臣仆回答说,没有赐他什么。 
 4 王说,谁在院子里。(那时哈曼正进王宫的外院,要求王将末底改挂在他所预备的木架上) 
 5 臣仆说,哈曼站在院内。王说,叫他进来。 
 6 哈曼就进去。王问他说,王所喜悦尊荣的人,当如何待他呢?哈曼心里说,王所喜悦尊荣的,不是我是谁呢? 
 7 哈曼就回答说,王所喜悦尊荣的人, 
 8 当将王常穿的朝服和戴冠的御马, 
 9 都交给王极尊贵的一个大臣,命他将衣服给王所喜悦尊荣的人穿上,使他骑上马,走遍城里的街市,在他面前宣告说,王所喜悦尊荣的人,就如此待他。 
 10 王对哈曼说,你速速将这衣服和马,照你所说的,向坐在朝门的犹大人末底改去行。凡你所说的,一样不可缺。 
 11 于是哈曼将朝服给末底改穿上,使他骑上马,走遍城里的街市,在他面前宣告说,王所喜悦尊荣的人,就如此待他。 
 12 末底改仍回到朝门,哈曼却忧忧闷闷地蒙着头,急忙回家去了。 
 13 将所遇的一切事,详细说给他的妻细利斯,和他的众朋友听。他的智慧人,和他的妻细利斯对他说,你在末底改面前始而败落,他如果是犹大人,你必不能胜他,终必在他面前败落。 
 14 他们还与哈曼说话的时候,王的太监来催哈曼,快去赴以斯帖所预备的筵席。

Chapter 6

1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.

2 And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.

3 And the king said, What honour and dignity hath been done to Mordecai for this? Then said the king's servants that ministered unto him, There is nothing done for him.

4 And the king said, Who is in the court? Now Haman was come into the outward court of the king's house, to speak unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.

5 And the king's servants said unto him, Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And the king said, Let him come in.

6 So Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What shall be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour? Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom would the king delight to do honour more than to myself?

7 And Haman answered the king, For the man whom the king delighteth to honour,

8 Let the royal apparel be brought which the king useth to wear, and the horse that the king rideth upon, and the crown royal which is set upon his head:

9 And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man withal whom the king delighteth to honour, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honour.

10 Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken.

11 Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.

12 And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.

13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai be of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely fall before him.

14 And while they were yet talking with him, came the king's chamberlains, and hasted to bring Haman unto the banquet that Esther had prepared.

第七章
(图)以斯帖记 Esther (1-10)

 1 王带着哈曼来赴王后以斯帖的筵席。 
 2 这第二次在酒席筵前,王又问以斯帖说,王后以斯帖阿,你要什么,我必赐给你。你求什么,就是国的一半也必为你成就。 
 3 王后以斯帖回答说,我若在王眼前蒙恩,王若以为美,我所愿的,是愿王将我的性命赐给我。我所求的,是求王将我的本族赐给我。 
 4 因我和我的本族被卖了,要剪除杀戮灭绝我们。我们若被卖为奴为婢,我也闭口不言。但王的损失,敌人万不能补足。 
 5 亚哈随鲁王问王后以斯帖说,擅敢起意如此行的是谁。这人在哪里呢? 
 6 以斯帖说,仇人敌人就是这恶人哈曼。哈曼在王和王后面前就甚惊惶。 
 7 王便大怒,起来离开酒席往御园去了。哈曼见王定意要加罪与他,就起来,求王后以斯帖救命。 
 8 王从御园回到酒席之处,见哈曼伏在以斯帖所靠的榻上。王说,他竟敢在宫内,在我面前凌辱王后吗?这话一出王口,人就蒙了哈曼的脸。 
 9 伺候王的一个太监名叫哈波拿,说,哈曼为那救王有功的末底改做了五丈高的木架,现今立在哈曼家里。王说,把哈曼挂在其上。 
 10 于是人将哈曼挂在他为末底改所预备的木架上。王的忿怒这才止息。

Chapter 7

1 So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen.

2 And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of the kingdom.

3 Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request:

4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.

5 Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so?

6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.

8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.

9 And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.

10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.

第八章

 1 当日,亚哈随鲁王把犹大人仇敌哈曼的家产,赐给王后以斯帖。末底改也来到王面前,因为以斯帖已经告诉王,末底改是她的亲属。 
 2 王摘下自己的戒指,就是从哈曼追回的,给了末底改。以斯帖派末底改管理哈曼的家产。 
 3 以斯帖又俯伏在王脚前,流泪哀告,求他除掉亚甲族哈曼害犹大人的恶谋。 
 4 王向以斯帖伸出金杖,以斯帖就起来,站在王前。 
 5 说,亚甲族哈米大他的儿子哈曼设谋传旨,要杀灭在王各省的犹大人。现今王若愿意,我若在王眼前蒙恩,王若以为美,若喜悦我,请王另下旨意,废除哈曼所传的那旨意。 
 6 我何忍见我本族的人受害?何忍见我同宗的人被灭呢? 
 7 亚哈随鲁王对王后以斯帖,和犹大人末底改说,因哈曼要下手害犹大人,我已将他的家产赐给以斯帖,人也将哈曼挂在木架上。 
 8 现在你们可以随意,奉王的名写谕旨给犹大人,用王的戒指盖印。因为奉王名所写,用王戒指盖印的谕旨,人都不能废除。 
 9 三月,就是西弯月二十三日,将王的书记召来。按着末底改所吩咐的,用各省的文字,各族的方言,并犹大人的文字方言写谕旨。传给那从印度直到古实一百二十七省的犹大人和总督省长首领。 
 10 末底改奉亚哈随鲁王的名写谕旨,用王的戒指盖印,交给骑御马圈快马的驿卒,传到各处。 
 11 谕旨中,王准各省各城的犹大人在一日之间,十二月,就是亚达月十三日,聚集保护性命,剪除杀戮灭绝那要攻击犹大人的一切仇敌,和他们的妻子儿女,夺取他们的财为掠物。 
 12  
 13 抄录这谕旨,颁行各省,宣告各族,使犹大人预备等候那日,在仇敌身上报仇。 
 14 于是骑快马的驿卒被王命催促,急忙起行。谕旨也传遍书珊城。 
 15 末底改穿着蓝色白色的朝服,头戴大金冠冕,又穿紫色细麻布的外袍,从王面前出来。书珊城的人民都欢呼快乐。 
 16 犹大人有光荣,欢喜快乐而得尊贵。 
 17 王的谕旨所到的各省各城,犹大人都欢喜快乐,设摆筵宴,以那日为吉日。那国的人民,有许多因惧怕犹大人,就入了犹大籍。 

Chapter 8

1 On that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of Haman the Jews' enemy unto Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he was unto her.

2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.

3 And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.

4 Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king,

5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have favour in his sight, and the thing seem right before the king, and I be pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which are in all the king's provinces:

6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?

7 Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.

8 Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal it with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse.

9 Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.

10 And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders on mules, camels, and young dromedaries:

11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a prey,

12 Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.

13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.

14 So the posts that rode upon mules and camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace.

15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.

16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.

17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.

第九章

 1 十二月,乃亚达月十三日,王的谕旨将要举行,就是犹大人的仇敌盼望辖制他们的日子,犹大人反倒辖制恨他们的人。 
 2 犹大人在亚哈随鲁王各省的城里聚集,下手击杀那要害他们的人。无人能敌挡他们,因为各族都惧怕他们。 
 3 各省的首领,总督,省长,和办理王事的人,因惧怕末底改,就都帮助犹大人。 
 4 末底改在朝中为大,名声传遍各省,日渐昌盛。 
 5 犹大人用刀击杀一切仇敌,任意杀灭恨他们的人。 
 6 在书珊城,犹大人杀灭了五百人。 
 7 又杀巴珊大他,达分,亚斯帕他, 
 8 破拉他,亚大利雅,亚利大他, 
 9 帕玛斯他,亚利赛,亚利代,瓦耶撒他。 
 10 这十人都是哈米大他的孙子,犹大人仇敌哈曼的儿子。犹大人却没有下手夺取财物。 
 11 当日,将书珊城被杀的人数呈在王前。 
 12 王对王后以斯帖说,犹大人在书珊城杀灭了五百人,又杀了哈曼的十个儿子,在王的各省不知如何呢?现在你要什么,我必赐给你。你还求什么,也必为你成就。 
 13 以斯帖说,王若以为美,求你准书珊的犹大人,明日也照今日的旨意行,并将哈曼十个儿子的尸首挂在木架上。 
 14 王便允准如此行。旨意传在书珊,人就把哈曼十个儿子的尸首挂起来了。 
 15 亚达月十四日书珊的犹大人又聚集在书珊,杀了三百人,却没有下手夺取财物。 
 16 在王各省其余的犹大人,也都聚集保护性命,杀了恨他们的人七万五千,却没有下手夺取财物。这样,就脱离仇敌,得享平安。 
 17 亚达月十三日,行了这事。十四日安息,以这日为设筵欢乐的日子。 
 18 但书珊的犹大人,这十三日,十四日聚集杀戮仇敌。十五日安息,以这日为设筵欢乐的日子。 
 19 所以住无城墙乡村的犹大人,如今都以亚达月十四日为设筵欢乐的吉日,彼此馈送礼物。 
 20 末底改记录这事,写信与亚哈随鲁王各省远近所有的犹大人, 
 21 嘱咐他们每年守亚达月十四,十五两日。 
 22 以这月的两日为犹大人脱离仇敌得平安,转忧为喜,转悲为乐的吉日。在这两日设筵欢乐,彼此馈送礼物,周济穷人。 
 23 于是,犹大人按着末底改所写与他们的信,应承照初次所守的守为永例。 
 24 是因犹大人的仇敌,亚甲族哈米大他的儿子哈曼,设谋杀害犹大人,掣普珥,就是掣签,为要杀尽灭绝他们。 
 25 这事报告于王,王便降旨使哈曼谋害犹大人的恶事,归到他自己的头上,并吩咐把他和他的众子都挂在木架上。 
 26 照着普珥的名字,犹大人就称这两日为普珥日。他们因这信上的话,又因所看见所遇见的事, 
 27 就应承自己与后裔,并归附他们的人,每年按时必守这两日,永远不废。 
 28 各省各城,家家户户,世世代代纪念遵守这两日,使这普珥日在犹大人中不可废掉,在他们后裔中也不可忘记。 
 29 亚比孩的女儿王后以斯帖,和犹大人末底改以全权写第二封信,坚嘱犹大人守这普珥日。 
 30 用和平诚实话,写信给亚哈随鲁王国中,一百二十七省所有的犹大人, 
 31 劝他们按时守这普珥日,禁食呼求,是照犹大人末底改,和王后以斯帖,所嘱咐的。也照犹大人为自己与后裔所应承的。 
 32 以斯帖命定守普珥日,这事也记录在书上。

Chapter 9

1 Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)

2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.

3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.

4 For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater.

5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them.

6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men.

7 And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,

8 And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,

9 And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha,

10 The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand.

11 On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was brought before the king.

12 And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: or what is thy request further? and it shall be done.

13 Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which are in Shushan to do to morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows.

14 And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was given at Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons.

15 For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand.

16 But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,

17 On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

18 But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another.

20 And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

21 To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,

22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.

23 And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto them;

24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

25 But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.

26 Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them,

27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed time every year;

28 And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.

29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.

30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,

31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

32 And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book.

第十章

 1 亚哈随鲁王使旱地,和海岛的人民都进贡。 
 2 他以权柄能力所行的,并他抬举末底改使他高升的事,岂不都写在玛代,和波斯王的历史上吗? 
 3 犹大人末底改作亚哈随鲁王的宰相,在犹大人中为大,得他众弟兄的喜悦,为本族的人求好处,向他们说和平的话。

Chapter 10

1 And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea.

2 And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?

3 For Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.

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