—“What is it all about?”
—“Nothing serious, just a storm in a teacup.”
Mary said that she received a sugar report this morning.
He said that his hands were quite full at that moment.
将陈述句转换为间接引语，通常用that引导的宾语从句来表达。连词that 在不引起歧义的情况下可以省略。引述分句的动词常见的有say 和tell等。
He said, “I caught a cold yesterday.” 他说：“我昨天感冒了。”
He said (that) he had caught a cold the day before. 他说他前天感冒了。
Helen said to me, “I’m tired of taking such exams.” 海伦说：“我讨厌参加这种考试。”
Helen told me (that) she was tired of taking such exams. 海伦说她讨厌参加这种考试。
① that 的省略会产生歧义。
Linda said disappointedly that when she arrived at the station, the train had already left.
琳达很失望地说，她到达车站时火车已经开走了。（如不用that，when状语从句既可以理解为修饰said, 又可以理解为修饰had left）
He said (that) he was leaving for Europe the next week and that he would stay there for half a year. 他说他下周要到欧洲去并在那里呆半年。（第二个that不能省略）
直接引语如果是疑问句，变成间接引语后，叫做间接问句。引述的动词常用ask, inquire, wonder, want to know等。间接问句的词序一般都用正常词序，句末不用问号，用句号。
I asked him, “Are you satisfied with the results?” 我问他：“你对这结果满意吗？”
I asked him whether he was satisfied with the results. 我问他对这结果是否满意。
"Did you go to the British Museum yesterday?" asked Kate. 凯特问：“你昨天有没有去大英博物馆？”
Kate asked me if I had gone to the British Museum the day before. 凯特问我昨天有没有去大英博物馆。
The old man said to a passer-by, “Will you tell me the way to get to the Great Wall Hotel?” 那位老人跟一位过路人说：“请问到长城饭店的路怎么走。”
The old man asked a passer-by to tell him the way to the Great Wall Hotel. 那位老人请一位过路人告诉他去长城饭店的路。
He said, “Are you interested in English or not?” 他说：“你是否对英语感兴趣?”
He asked (me) whether I was interested in English or not. 他问我是否对英语感兴趣。
"Do you like Chinese food or Japanese food?" he asked. 他问：“你喜欢中国食物还是日本食物？”
He asked whether / if I liked Chinese food or Japanese food. 他问我喜欢中国食物还是日本食物。
"What do you do in your free time?" he asked me. 他问我：“你业余时间干什么？”
He asked me what I did in my free time. 他问我业余时间做什么。
"Why did she go to America?" Paul asked. 保罗问：“她为什么去美国？”
Paul asked why she had gone to America. 保罗问她为什么去了美国。
①祈使句表示命令时，要把直接引语的动词say变成command, order, tell等动词，被转述的部分改为动词不定式。否定祈使句改为not to do结构。
"Stay where you are," she said. 她说：“呆在原地。”
She told me to stay where I was. 她告诉我呆在原地。
"Don’t smoke in the room," he said. 他说：“别在房间里抽烟。”
He told me not to smoke in the room. 她叫我别在房间里抽烟。
②祈使句表示请求时，常把直接引语的动词say变成ask, beg, request, urge等动词。
She said to me, "Please wait till I return, will you?" 她说：“请你一直等到我回来，好吗？”
She begged me to wait till she returned. 她请求我一直要等到她回来。
John said to Bill, "Let’s go hiking tomorrow." 约翰对比尔说，“我们明天去徒步旅行吧。”
John suggested to Bill that they (should) go hiking the next day. 约翰向比尔提议第二天去徒步旅行。
He said, "What a beautiful view it is!" 他说：“多么漂亮的景色！”
He said that it was a very beautiful view. 他说景色非常漂亮。
He cried out what a beautiful view it was. 他大声说这景色是多么地漂亮。
She often says, "What a great country China is!" 她常说：“中国是一个多么伟大的国家！”
She often says that China is a very great country. 她常说中国是一个非常伟大的国家。
She often remarks with admiration (that) China is a great country. 她常常赞赏地说中国多么伟大.
He said, "I told her to wait, but she went away." 他说：“我告诉她等一下，但她还是走了。
He said (that) he had told her to wait but that she went away. 他说他已经告诉她等一下，但她还是走了。
She said, "It is cold here. Is the window shut?" 她说：“这儿很冷。窗户关了吗？”
She said that it was cold there and asked if the window was shut. 她说那儿很冷，并问窗户是否关了。
Fenwick said to me, "Go and see Robin. He will tell you everything you want to know." 芬威克对我说：“去看看罗宾吧，他会告诉你想要知道的事情。”
Fenwick advised me to go and see Robin, and said that he would tell me everything I wanted to know. 芬威克建议我去看罗宾，因为他会告诉我想要知道的事情。
He says, "I have been writing a novel." 他说：“我一直在写一本小说。”
He says that he has been writing a novel. 他说他一直在写一本小说。
The teacher said, "You are doing OK." 老师说：“你们干得很不错。”
The teacher said we were doing OK. 老师说我们干得很不错。（现在进行时变为过去进行时）
I asked her, "Where have you spent your holiday?" 我问她：“你去哪里度假了？”
I asked her where she had spent her holiday. 我问她去哪里度假了。（现在完成时变为过去完成时）
She said, "I went to Shanghai." 她说：“我去过上海。”
She said that she had gone to Shanghai. 她说她去过上海。（过去时变为过去完成时）
He said, "I had finished my work before 10 o’clock." 他说：“我在十点钟前就完成工作了。”
He said that he had finished his work before 10 o’clock.. 他说他在十点钟前就完成工作了。（过去完成时不变）
The mayor said: "The people of Beijing will be preparing to light the Olympic torch to welcome athletes and fans from all over the world." 这位市长说：“北京人民将准备点燃奥运火炬来迎接来自全世界的运动员和运动迷。”
The mayor said that the people of Beijing would be preparing to light the Olympic torch to welcome athletes and fans from all over the world. 这位市长说北京人民将准备点燃奥运火炬来迎接来自全世界的运动员和运动迷。（将来进行时变为过去将来进行时）
must （必然）（推测） must
must（必须） had to/ would have to
ought to ought to
He said, “I really must go.” 他说：“我一定得走了。”
He said that he really must go. 他说他一定得走了。
"Must we hand in our exercise this afternoon?" he asked. 他问：“我们得今天下午交作业吗？”
He asked if they had to hand in the exercise that afternoon. 他问他们是否那天下午得交作业。
"You need not take an umbrella with you," he said. 他说：“你不用带雨伞。”
He said that I need not take an umbrella with me. 他说我不用带雨伞。
"I’m fond of surfing the Internet," he said. 他说：“我喜欢网上冲浪。”
He said he was fond of surfing the Internet. 他说他喜欢网上冲浪。
"You should pay more attention to your pronunciation," the teacher said. 老师说：“你应该更注意你的发音。”
The teacher said that I should pay more attention to my pronunciation. 老师说我应该更注意我的发音。
He said, “Please show me this one.” 他说：“请拿这个给我看一下。”
He asked me to show him that one. 他要我拿那个给他看一下。
He said, "I’d like to see these sunglasses." 他说：“我想看这些太阳镜”
He said that he wanted to see those sunglasses. 他说他想看那些太阳镜。
"We’ll leave here tomorrow," he said. 他说：“我们明天离开这里。”
He said that they would leave there the next day. 他说他们将在第二天离开那里。
"I met him the day before yesterday," she said. 她说：“我前天遇见过他。”
She said that she had met him two days before. 她说她前两天遇见过他。
He asked, "How did these differences come about?" 他问：“这些不同之处是如何产生的？”
He asked how those differences had come about. 他问那些不同之处是如何产生的。
"What is adventure travel?" he asked. 他问：“冒险旅游是什么？”
He asked what adventure travel was. 他问什么是冒险旅游。
He said, “Well done is better than well said.” 他说：“说得好不如做得好。”
He said that well done is better than well said. 他说说得好不如做得好。
“I advise that you stop smoking,” the doctor said. 医生说：“我劝你戒烟。”
The doctor advised that he stop smoking. 医生劝他戒烟。
He told me, “Jurassic Park was made by Spielberg in 1993.”
He told me that Jurassic Park was made by Spielberg in 1993.
Mr. Smith said, “When we lived in that city, we often met each other.” 史密斯先生说：“当我们住在那个城市时，我们经常见面。”
Mr. Smith said that when they lived in that city they had often met each other. 史密斯先生说当他们住在那个城市时，他们经常见面。
Our teacher said, “Eco-travel is a form of travel that combines normal tourism with learning.”
Our teacher said that eco-travel is a form of travel that combines normal tourism with learning.
He says, “I have accepted her invitation.” 他说：“我已经接受她的邀请了。”
He says that he has accepted her invitation. 他说他已经接受她的邀请了。
“I finished writing my paper yesterday,” he said today. 他今天说：“我昨天写完论文了。”
He told me today that he finished writing the paper yesterday. 他今天说他昨天写完论文了。
He said, “I enjoy my stay here.” 他说：“我在这里逗留期间玩得很开心。”
He said that he enjoyed his stay here. 他说他在这里逗留期间玩得很开心。
The boy said to his mother, “I’ll never smoke again.”
The boy promised his mother never to smoke again.
“Call the police, Sean,” he said.
He ordered Sean to call the police.
“Don’t forget to buy me some ketchup on your way home,” said Mother.
Mother reminded me not to forget to buy her some ketchup on my way home.
“Shall I post these letters for you?” he asked.
He offered to post those letters for me.
“Does she really mean it?” he asked.
He wondered / wanted to know whether/ if she really meant it.
“Merry Christmas!” he said.
He wished me a merry Christmas.
“Help!” he cried.
He called for help. 他大声呼救。
Mr. Wu said to them, “ Youd better make preparations for the exam.” 吴老师对他们说：“你们最好为考试做准备。”
Mr. Wu advised them to make preparations for the exam. 吴老师劝他们为考试做好准备。
He said, “I did break the window.” 他说：“我的确打烂了那个玻璃窗。”
He admitted having broken the window. 他承认打烂了那个玻璃窗。
“Don’t walk on the ice. It isn’t safe,” Mother said to us. 妈妈对我们说：“不要在冰上行走，不安全！”
Mother warned us not to walk on the ice since it wasn’t safe. 妈妈告诫我们不要在冰上行走因为不安全。
“Have a cigarette,” he said. “No, thanks,” I replied. “抽只烟吧？”他说。“不，谢谢！”我回答道。
He offered me a cigarette which I refused. 他给我一只烟，我谢绝了。
1. He asked _________ for the violin.
A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much
C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid
2. Can you make sure _______ the gold ring?
A. where Alice has put B. where had Alice put
C. where Alice had put D. where has Alice put
3. These photos will show you __________.
A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like
C. how our village look like D. how our village looks like
4. You can’t imagine _______ when they received these nice Christmas presents.
A. how they were excited B. how excited they were
C. how excited were they D. they were how excited
5. ______ she said suggested that she hadn’t decided _________ to go or not.
A. What, if B. That, whether
C. What, whether D. What, whichever
6. I’ll ask my parents _________.
A. whether they will agree to go B. if they let me go
C. if they will let me go D. whether they allow me to
7. ---Do you mind if Jim will come to help?
---I really don’t know ________ a person like him can help me with.
A. what B. that
C. how D. if
8. He asked me if _____________.
A. the train will late B. the train always arrived late
C. the train arrives on time D. the train stops here
9. It is said in the book that Thomas Edison (1847-1931) _______ the world leading inventor for sixty years.
A. would be B. has been
C. had been D. was
10. –Sorry to have interrupted you. Please go on.
---Where was I?
---You _______ you didn’t like your father’s job.
A. had said B. said
C. were saying D. had been saying
1. “You have done a good job,” said the teacher.
2. He said, “I’ll help you with it later.”
3. “Be careful with the dog,” I said.
4. “Are you sure about this?” ha asked.
5. She asked, “What’s the matter with you?”
6. He said, “We met in 2002. We have been friends for two years.”
7. He asked, “Alice, where did you buy it?”
8. “How wonderful the journey is!” he said.
9. “Tom, don’t forget to take your raincoat,” he said.
10. “Why do you come so late?” Mary asked.
一、1. D 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. C 6. C 7. A 8. A 9. D 10. C
1.The teacher said that I had done a good job.
2. He said that he would help me with it later.
3. I warned him to be careful with the dog.
4. He asked me if I was sure about that.
5. She asked what was the matter with me.
6. He said that they met in 2002 and that they had been friends for two years.
7. He asked where Alice bought it.
8. He said that the journey was wonderful.
He exclaimed how wonderful the journey was.
9. He reminded Tom to take his raincoat.
10. Marry wanted to know why he came so late.
1. He asked me not to disturb him.
2. I insisted that the sports meeting (should) be put off.
I insisted on putting off the sports meeting.
3. I doubt whether / if their journey is a comfortable one.
4. The teacher said a friend in need is a friend indeed.
5. She thought that they must have left.
6. Susan asked how I liked the play.
7. He asked me to help him with his suitcase.
He asked me if I could help him with his suitcase.
8. He told us that he was leaving for Beijing the next / following day.