手机版
英语写作网

写作:英语句子中的典型问题

2019-02-20 阅读 :

 

英语句子中的典型问题

一、“There be”结构

考生病句:
1、There are many people like to go to the movies.
2、There are different kinds of vegetables can be bought on the market by people.
正确表达:
1、There are many people who like to go to the movies.
2、There are different kinds of vegetables that people can buy on the market.
这两个例句错误比较有普遍性,因为在历次考试中有不少考生不能正确运用there be这一最常用句式。在这种结构中,there是引导词,没有实际意义。be在句中作谓语,有时态和数变化。
例如:
1、There was no school in the village at that time. (there was not a school...)
注意:在否定句中,否定词用no,也可用not a或not any。

2、There is not a moment to be lost.
3、There are many people rushing into the cities every year.
4、There are many things we can do to prevent traffic accidents.
5、There is no use holding back the wheel of history.
从以上例句还可看出,句中主语后面可接多种修饰语,如介词短语、不定式短语、定语从句、分词短语等等。这无疑使该结构增加了表现力,使句子表达内容更加丰富。 在运用这一结构时,考生最容易犯错误是在there be之后又用了一个动词作谓语,使句子结构出现严重错误。这里列举考生典型错误均属这种情况,对此我们在写作中要格外注意。

二、比较结构

考生病句:
1、Comparing with the bike, the car runs much faster.
2、The climate in Walton is colder than other cities.
正确表达:
1、Compared with the bike, the car runs much faster.
2、The climate in Walton is colder than that of other cities.
评议与分析:许多考生在作文中用compare或than表示比较,但相当多表达有误。
在例1中,对两个事物进行比较句式为Compared with A, B...,只能用compare过去分词,不能用现在分词,因为B是分词逻辑主语,只能被比较。在例2中,考生误将“天气”与“城市”进行比较,而二者没有可比性,只有将后者改为“其他城市天气”才符合逻辑,很显然,考生错误是受了汉语表达习惯影响。比较结构是常用结构,正确地使用这一结构可以使文章句式增加变化,有利于提高写作成绩。一般说来,考生若能恰当、正确地运用这一结构,其写作成绩应在5分以上。
下面是比较结构一些常用表达方法。


比较结构一些常用表达方法。

1、同级比较
1)、In 1998 we produced as many cars as we did in the previous five years.
2)、We have accomplished as much in the past three years as would have taken ten years in the past.

2、比较级
1)、Children now enjoy better medical treatment than before.
2)、We can live longer without food than we can (live ) without water.

3、最高级
1)、This is the most interesting book I've ever read.
2)、Of all his novels I like this one best.

4、the more…the more…结构
1) 、The harder you work, the greater progress you will make.
2) 、The more a man knows, the more he discovers his ignorance.

5、选择比较
1)、 I prefer staying at home to going out.
2) 、They prefer to work rather than (to) sit idly.
3) 、He prefers to work alone.
注意:这里1)句用是Prefer A to B结构,to为介词,后接名词或动名词;2)句是以不定式作prefer宾语;3)句用法同2),只是不把rather than部分表达出来。

6、对比
1)、 Motion is absolute while stagnation is relative.
2) 、He is tired out, whereas she is full of vigour.
注意:while 和whereas均可用于连接两个意义对立分句,相当于汉语“而”字。许多考生能较好地运用这一句式,尤其在图表作文中。

三、表达原因结构

考生病句:
1、The real reason to our failure is not far to seek.
2、The reason for this is because some people want to earn plenty of money without
working hard.
正确表达:
1、The real reason for our failure is not far to seek.
2、The reason for this is that some people want to earn plenty of money without working
hard.
评议与分析:
以上两个病句分别引自92年1月和97年12月四级考试考生作文。从遣词造句上看,这两位考生具有一定写作能力,not far to seek, plenty of money以及without working hard等均运用正确、恰当。但令人遗憾是,第一位考生不知道reason不与to搭配而应接介词for,第二位考生犯了一个中国学生常犯错误,就是用because引起表语从句,because这个词不能引起表语从句,在本句中只能改用that才正确。掌握好表达原因结构是十分重要,几乎所有写作试题都要求写原因或可以写原因。在大学英语四、六级考试、研究生入学英语考试以及TOEFL考试中,写作文体基本上是议论文,而议论文基本模式是摆事实、讲道理,讲道理就是说明原因。写作测试文体决定了表达原因结构重要性。
英语中用来表达原因这一概念结构有多种。我们可用as , because, since, seeing that, considering that, now that, not that...等词组引出表示原因从句。例如:
1、Now that we have seen these great achievements with our own eyes, we feel more
proud than ever of our country.
2、Professor Liu is strict with us because he wants us to make rapid progress.
3、Since we live near the sea, we enjoy a healthy climate.
4、Pollution is still a serious problem, not that we don't have the ability to solve it, but that
some people have not realized the consequences of the problem.
我们还可以借助某些词语用简单句表达原因结构。例如:
1、The reason for this change is quite obvious.
2、Diligence is the key factor of success.
3、Idleness is the root of all evils.
4、He was ashamed to have made the mistake.(=He was ashamed that he had made the
mistake. =He was ashamed because he had made the mistake.)
除了上述例句外,英语中还有很多或易或难表达原因结构。我们在进行写作训练时候,不能满足于一知半解,要讲究书面语言正确性和准确性。比如,because是最常用引导原因从句连词,语气最强,表示直接原因,若because置于句首,后面主句不能再用so。用as引导原因从句语气较弱,所说明原因是附带,而since表示原因暗示着是稍加分析之后才能推断出来原因。

四、否定结构

考生病句
1、Some people think we needn't to worry about fresh water.
2、Nowadays many people don't like to go to the movies, too.
正确表达:
1、Some people think we needn't worry (或don't need to worry) about fresh water.
2、Nowadays many people don't like to go to the movies, either.
评议与分析:
例句1选自96年1月四级考生作文,例句2选自92年1月六级考生作文。例句1 错误在于该考生混淆了need作为情态动词和作为普通动词用法。need作为情态动词时,主要用于否定句,后面动词不带to, needn't worry,作we谓语。need作为实意动词时,可用于肯定句、否定句和疑问句,don't need to worry 中to worry作don't need宾语。例句2错误在于该考生混淆了too和either区别,这两个词都表示“也”意思,但是在英语中too, also只能用于肯定句,而either只能用于否定句。


更多 英语学习成功故事、英语学习心得英语学习技巧英语学习方法,请继续关注 英语作文大全


本文标题:写作:英语句子中的典型问题 - 英语作文范文_英语作文万能句子_英语作文模板
本文地址:http://www.dioenglish.com/writing/samples/100670.html

相关文章

  • Twenty-word formula

    英语写作 20字解决Agreement: 主语和谓语在人称、数上的一致,关系代词与先行词的一致。 Ambiguity: 尽量不去使用可能引起歧义的词语或句子。 Brief: 文章"简为贵",要抓住要点,简明扼要。 Coherence: 文理通顺,前后连贯...

    2019-02-20 09:55:21
  • 经典英语句型 写作

    一、~~~the + ~ est + 名词 +(that)+ 主词 + have ever + seen (known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 +(that)+ 主词 + have ever + seen(known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautif...

    2019-02-20 09:55:21
  • 英语写作困境与对策

     有些学生在考试时一见到作文题,便感到很对自己的胃口,觉得有很多内容要写。于是乎千言万语涌上心头,写着前一句想着后一句。往往前句尚未写完便接上了后一句,辛辛苦苦写了一大堆,犹觉余意未尽。结果令判卷的老师头疼不...

    2019-02-20 09:55:20
  • 英语写作热点范文

    Directions: What Will Happen If China Enters WTO?What Will Happen If China Enters WTO? Every Chinese is looking forward to China's entry into WTO, widely seen as a blessing and a promise of pros...

    2019-02-20 09:55:18
  • 英语段落写作

     段落写作 首先,一个段落必须有一个中心即主题思想,该中心由主题句特别是其中的题旨来表达。整个段落必须紧扣这个主题(stick or hold to the topic),这就是段落的统一性(unity)。其次,一个段落必须有若干推展句,使主题思...

    2019-02-20 09:55:15
  • 英语写作实用句型(1)

    --the quick brown fox jumped softly and stealthily over the lazy black dog. --there was a time in my life when i liked to eat biscuits for breakfast. --the yellow canary sang pretty songs in its cage...

    2019-02-20 09:55:15
  • 作文开头的几种类型

    作文开头文章的开头一般来说应尽量做到开门见山,用简单明白的叙述引出文章的话题,使读者了解文章要谈论什么,一下于引起读者的兴趣。 开头形式大致有1、开门见山,揭示主题   文章一开头就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如...

    2019-02-20 09:55:15
  • 如何写好正文

    文章的正文 文章的正文应以文章的开头为线索,具体地叙述、的说明或论证文章的主题。文章不论长短,每个段落都必须为主题服务。像说明文和议论文这一类的文章,一个主题还常分成几个小主题,每个小主题要用一个段落...

    2019-02-20 09:55:15
  • 文章结尾的几种类型

    文章结尾 文章结尾的作用是概括全文内容,进一步强调或肯定文章的中心思想,使文章意义表达得更加深刻。 常见的有以下几种: 1、首尾呼应,画龙点睛   在文章的结尾,把含义较深的话放在末尾,以点明主题,深化主题,起到画龙点...

    2019-02-20 09:55:14
  • 英语写作中的常见错误及解析

    常见错误一、不一致(Disagreements)   所谓不一致不光指主谓不一致,它还包括了数的不一致的时态不一致及代词不一的致等。   例1、When one have money, he can do what he want to.   (人一旦有了钱,他就能想干什...

    2019-02-20 09:55:14
你可能感兴趣