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英语写作书信类作文格式

2019-02-20 阅读 :
英语写作书信类作文格式
一、写作格式
 1、称呼
 (1)机构
 A、不认识负责人
 Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Sir / Madam, To whom it may concern,
 B、认识负责人
 Dear Mr./Ms. President/Professor/Manager/Editor (Michael) Wang,
 (2)个人
 A、关系不亲密
 Dear Mr./Ms. President/Professor/Manager/Editor Wang,
 B、关系亲密
 Dear Michael,
 2、正文
 3、落款
 (1)祝福语
 Best wishes! / The best regards!
 (2)签名
 Yours sincerely,
 Li Ming
二、必用信息
 1、自我介绍
 (1)工作
 I am a staff member from your company/corporation.
 (2)学生
 I am a freshman/sophomore/junior/senior/undergraduate/graduate from the Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Beijing University.
 2、写作目的
 I am writing the letter in purpose of ordering some books/resigning from my current post/position.
 3、尾段写法
 A 表示感谢
 (1) My appreciation to you for your generous help is beyond words.
 (2) Words fail me when I want to express my sincere gratitude to you.
 (3) I take this opportunity to show my heartfelt appreciation for the kind assistance you rendered me.
 B 期待回信
 (1) I am looking forward to your reply/hearing from you soon.
 (2) I look forward to a favorable reply at your earliest convenience.
 (3) Your prompt attention to my inquiry would be highly appreciated.
 4、常用书信的客套语
 一.问候
 I haven’t heard from you for ages. How are you doing?
 I haven’t seen you for such a long time. How are you getting along with your work?
 二.祝贺
 I want to congratulate you with all my heart.
 I warmly congratulate you on what you’ve achieved.
 三.致谢
 I am most grateful to you for your help.
 I want to thank you heartily for what you have done.
 四.询问
 I wonder if you could tell me what to do.
 I’d be most grateful if I could have your full support.
 Please could you let me know something about it.
五.邀请
 Is there any chance of your coming to have dinner with us at our home?
 We are wondering if you could come to have dinner with us at our home.
 六.接受邀请
 I’m delighted to accept your invitation.
 Thanks for your invitation. I’m certainly looking forward to joining you.
 七.拒绝邀请
 I’m sincerely sorry that we can’t join your dinner party.
 I regret to say “no” to your invitation.
 Thank you for your invitation but unfortunately…
 八.抱歉
 I do apologize for having kept you waiting.
 I’m awfully sorry for giving you so much trouble.
 九.同情
 I’m more than sorry to hear of your illness.
 I can’t tell you how sad I felt when I heard of…
 十.安慰
 It was a great shock to hear…
 I just can’t tell you how saddened I am…
 I’m most grieved to learn of…
附录:英文书信的组成部分
英文书信一般由六部分组成。即:信头(Heading)、信内地址(Inside Address),
称呼(Salutation),正文(Body of Letter)、结束语(Complimentary Close)、署名(Signature),
有时在书信后面还有附言(Postscript)、附件(Enclosure),这得视具体情况而定。下面将分别说明。
1. 信头(Heading)
信头是指写信人的地址和写信日期, 一般写在或打在第一面信纸的右上角,先写地址再写日期,地址的写法是从小到大,先写门牌号、路号,再写区名、市名、省名,最后写国名。时间的写法对英国人和美国人而言是不同的。英国人习惯按日、月、年的顺序写,
而美国人习惯按月、日、年的顺序写。例如:
英式:1st October,1999
美式:October 1,1999
在使用前一种形式时,月和年之间的逗号可用可不用,但是在后一种形式中,必需要使用逗号。
信头的写法有缩进式和齐头式。缩进式每行开头向右缩进一两个字母;齐头式左边对齐排列,如下所示:
缩进式
Wang Ming
Dept. of Chemical Engineering
Dalian University of Technology
Dalian 116023
Liaoning Province
P. R. China
齐头式
Wang Ming
Dept. of Chemical Engineering
Dalian University of Technology
Dalian 116023
Liaoning Province
P. R. China
2. 信内地址 (Inside Address)
信内地址要写出收信人的姓名和地址。一般给比较生疏的亲友的信和公事信件要写出信内地址,而熟悉朋友可以省去这一步骤。信内地址写出在日期下一两行的左上角,第一行写收信人的称呼姓名,然后写出地址。地质也是从小到大写出,分缩进式和齐头式两种。例如:
缩进式
The President
Oxford University
England
齐头式
Jiang Bin
64Heping Road
P.R.China
3.称呼(Salutation)
称呼是对收信人的称谓。在信内地址下一两行处顶格写起,自成一行。末尾用逗号或冒号。
(1)当给一位熟悉的人写信时可以用Dear 或是My Dear。在英国,My Dear 比Dear亲切,而在美国,Dear比My Dear 亲切。
(2)当给一位你不知婚否的女性写信时,可以用Ms.……,这是指"……女士"。
(3)在给不熟悉的人写信时,可以用Dear sir, Dear Madam, Dear sirs, Gentleman 等等。
4正文(Body of Letter)
正文是一封信的主体部分。通常在称呼的下一行写出。正文也可采用齐头式或缩进式的方法。齐头式是反映每段开头一行和后面行并齐。缩进式是指每段的第一行向右缩进几个字母。信笺讲究简洁、效率。开头几句简单地寒暄后就不如正题,在结尾处要有祝愿和敬语。
常用的开头语有:
I have received your letter of July Ist. 7月1 日来信已经收悉。
I have the pleasure to tell you that …….很高兴告诉你……。
I am very much delighted to receive your letter. 非常高兴收到你的来信。
It is my honor to inform you that ……很荣幸告诉你……。
常用的结束套话有:
I am looking forward to hearing from you 盼早日回信。
Wish best regards. 祝好。
Thank you for your help 感谢你的帮助!
Wish my best wishes for your success. 祝你成功。
Wishing you a happy holiday. 祝假日愉快!
Hoping to hear from you soon. 希望能尽快收到你的回信。
5结束语(Complimentary Close)
结束语在正文之后隔一两行的偏右方开始写出。开头字母用大写,以后的字母用小写,最后一个词后面用逗句。
常用的结束语有:
一般非正式的关系:
Yours sincerely,
Yours truly,
Yours faithfully,
Most sincerely,
Faithfully yours,
亲密的关系:
Love,
Yours love,
Yours Affectionately,
With love,
Lovingly yours,
Yours ever,
上级和长者:
Yours respectfully,
Faithfully yours,
6署名(Signature)
在结束语的下方是签名,先手写出,再打出来。如果收信人不认识写出信人,可以在署名前用括号标出Mr.、Miss或Ms。在名称下面可注上头衔。如:
Yours sincerely,
Lucy Blake (手写)
Lucy Blake (Miss)(打印)
Sales Manager
7附言(Postscript),附件(Enclosure)
在信件正文写作时可能漏掉了某些事,或临时发生了某事需要补充时,可以在信下面左下方写出上P.S.

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